International legal framework for the protection of global food security




international law, trade in agricultural products, food security, the Black Sea Grain Agreement, ecocide, russian war against Ukraine.


Ukraine is historically known as the "bread­basket of Europe and the world" due to its significant agricultural production. The issue of food insecurity in the world, caused by the russian federation as a result of the full-scale aggression against Ukraine, launched on February 24, 2022, has become a critical concern in the international stage. An environmental crisis with far-reaching repercussions for the country’s agricultural sector, together with the blocking of Ukrainian logistics lead to an increase in prices for agricultural products, as well as an increase in the risk of famine in countries dependent on Ukrainian agricultural exports. The aim of the research is to define the norms of international law regarding global food security and trade in agricultural products, which have been violated by russia in order to develop a mechanism of responsibility for these violations and compensation for the damage caused. The methods of legal analysis, historical legal and systemic analysis are applied. Analysing the repercu­ssions of the russian federation’s actions for global food security, the article examines various relevant international legal frameworks and instruments aimed at safeguarding food security and ensuring access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious sustenance for all. By assessing the impact of the russian invasion on logistics routes, trade networks, and distribution mechanisms, this article elucidates the far-reaching implications for the timely and efficient delivery of agrarian goods to international markets. Additionally, the study highlights the role of international agreements in addressing the challenges associated with disrupted logistics in the agricultural sector. This article examines the scale of environmental damage and losses inflicted on Ukraine’s agrarian landscape and scrutinizes these impacts through the prism of international legal principles.

Author Biography

Tamara KORTUKOVA, State University of Trade and Economics

PhD (International Law), Associate Professor at the Department of International, Civil and Commercial Law


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How to Cite

KORTUKOVA, T. (2023). International legal framework for the protection of global food security. oreign rade: onomics, inance, aw, 129(4), 16–27.