Development of military-historical tourism in Ukraine




military-historical tourism, classification, factors, organizational and information measures, SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis, COSMIC analysis, destinations, resources, strategic directions.


The development of military-historical compo­nents in the organization of travel and leisure has gained a significant popularity in the excursion and tourist-recreation business as well as in hotel and restaurant services, which makes it pos­sible to widely use its resources in the activities of tourist enterprises. Military-historical tourism is designed to satisfy the comprehensive interest of tourists in military knowledge and military affairs in our time. Using military-historical tourism knowledge, everyone can form a respectful attitude towards military personnel and their role in the society development. The purpose of the study is to develop key areas of scientific strategies for the formation and development of military-historical tourism as an important element of specialized tourism in Ukraine, which is a compo­nent of obtaining basic military training, physical training for young men and women for service in the Armed Forces, training for self-defense, acquiring weapons skills, as well as an element of commemoration of the fallen defenders of Ukraine. This study is based on the scientific-dialectical method. Also, the main methods of this study are: the method of descriptive analysis, literary and reference analysis, analy­tical method as well as scientific synthesis. The peculiarities of military-historical tourism as an important direction of specialized tourism of Ukraine are revealed. The leading results of military-histo­rical tourism classification in the works of Ukrainian scientists are presented. The main factors influencing the development of military-historical tourism have been identi­fied. The resource base of military-historical tourism in Ukraine by regions and species compo­sition has been syste­matized. The key destina­tions of military-historical tourism in different regions of Ukraine are analyzed. The detailed analysis of the strategic directions of military-historical tourism development in Ukraine was carried out using the methods of SWOT analysis, PESTLE macro-environment analysis and COSMIC micro-environment one. The main strategic directions of military-historical tourism development in Ukraine for the period until 2030 have been determined. The key tasks and directions of their implementation have been systematized as well as the expected results of the formation and development of military-historical tourism network in Ukraine have been outlined. The proposed Strategy for the development directions of military-historical tourism in Ukraine provides the development of a wide range of measures in social, political, market, organizational, local history as well as in environmental protection fields. The implementation of the Strategy is aimed at the development of Ukraineʼs domestic and foreign policy in the field of military-historical tourism, creation of appropriate conditions for the growth of the number of tourists visiting Ukraine, and, as a result, at the improvement of the economic situation in the country.

Author Biographies

Oleksandr HLADKYI, State University of Trade and Economics

Doctor of Science (Geography), Professor, Professor at the Department of Tourism and Creative Industries Management

Mikael HASHIMOV, State University of Trade and Economics

Post-Graduate student at the Department of Tourism and Creative Industries Management


Tkachenko, T., Hladkyi, O., & Klimova, A. (2024). Ukrainian tourism in the Face of War and Economic Crisis. Contemporary Economy in the Face of Economic, Social and Political Crises: Economic, Managerial, Social and Legal Aspects. Krakow University of Economics.

Zhibo, Cui. (2022). Geospatial research methodology organizations of military tourism in Ukraine. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Geography, 83(2), 105-108.

Hladkyi, O. V. (2022). Peculiarities of tourism and hospitality service development during the introduction of martial law. In The service sector: current challenges and prospects for recovery in Ukraine (pp. 24-27). VSP KTEFK SUTE.

Hladkyi, O. V. (2023а). Scientific bases of military-patriotic tourism formation in Ukraine. In the Hospitality industry: state, development trends and prospects of the industry in Wartime (pp. 64-68). Kamula.

Hladkyi, O. V. (2023b). The empty cities. In Socio-geographic factors of regional development (pp. 5-8). ST Mazhula Yu. M.

Kliap, M. P., & Shandor, F. F. (2013). Modern varieties of tourism. Znannia.

Korsak, R. V., & Ilnytskyi, V. (2017). Modern trends in the development of military tourism in Ukraine. In Trends of the development of the tourism industry in the conditions of globalization (pp. 22-26). Invasor.

Kushnariov, V., & Polishchuk, O. (2018). Military tourism as an innovative direction of extreme and educational and entertainment tourism. Bulletin of the Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series: Tourism, (1), 107-118.

Liubitseva, O. O., & Shparaga, T. I. (2021). Museum tourism.

Melnyk, A. V. (2011). Non-standard types of tourism: peculiarities of military tourism functioning. In Collection of Scientific Works of the Military Institute, Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, (33), 350-353.

Smirnov, I., & Zhibo, Cui (2020a). Potential of military tourism development in border regions of Ukraine and Poland. In World and domestic experience of tourist destinations functioning (pp. 64-67). Digital-Print.

Smirnov, I., & Zhibo, Cui. (2020b). Problems of military tourism development in Ukraine and Poland in border regions. In Tourism in the XXI century: challenges and responses (pp. 33-37).

Smirnov, I., & Zhibo, Cui. (2020c). Military-historical reconstructions and festivals as a promising type of tourism in cities (via the example of the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi). In Urban tourism: realities, challenges, prospects (pp. 86-88). Alpha Peak.

Tkachenko, T. I., Vedmid, N. I., Hladkyi, O. V., Mykhailichenko, G. I., Dvorska, I. V., & Kozoriz, O. E. (2024). Analytical report on the research scientific work "Analytical study of tourist industry losses during the war in Ukraine". PA National Tourism Organization of Ukraine (NTOU).Іmpact-analysis.pdf

Tkachenko, T. I., & Klimova, A. M. (2021). Fortification structures in Ukraine: state and urgent issues of state regulation. In Fortifications in tourism: potential, state, promotion, innovations (pp. 58-61). Geoprint LLC.

Chikailo, Yu. I., Stadnytska V. A., & Voloshyn, I. M. (2015). Military-historical museums of Ukraine as objects of military tourism (via the example of the city of Lviv). Geography and tourism, (32), 74-85.

Shparaga, T. (2021a). Castle complexes of Ternopil region and their usage in tourism. Fortifications in tourism: potential, state, promotion, innovations (pp. 82-84). Geoprint LLC.

Shparaga, T. (2021b). Innovative aspects of museum audience formation: foreign and domestic experience. In Prospects of tourism development in Ukraine and the world: management, technologies, models (pp. 171-185). 7nd ed. Lutsk National Technical University.

Shparaga, T. (2022). Stolen, but not lost memory. In War and tourism: materials of the international scientific and practical conference (pp. 101-106). Geoprint LLC.



How to Cite

HLADKYI О., & HASHIMOV М. (2024). Development of military-historical tourism in Ukraine. NTERNATIONAL CIENTIFIC-RACTICAL OURNAL OMMODITIES ND ARKETS, 50(2), 21–40.