Morphometric characteristics of historical cold weapons




cold weapon, saber, automated recognition technique, Russell – Rao algorithm, morphometrical characteristics, commodity evaluation


Introduction. Historical weapons are a value popularized by museum funds, private collec­tors, and exhibitions. Determining its value, historical and cultural value and authenticity are the most important tasks that experts face, but for its implementation, it is necessary to have a unified base of features and affinities of samples of various types of cold weapons.

Problem. Professional appraisers and foren­sic experts need objective, unified and com­puterized methods of recognizing cold weapons to perform the tasks of commodity evaluation. This makes it possible to use available infor­mation sources and specialized databases to iden­tify and assess the affinity of examination objects to well-described and comprehensively resear­ched samples. The development of specialized software for the automated storage and pro­cessing of information about cold weapons, as well as the introduction of intelligent databases with the ability to search for related items in global content, is gaining relevance.

The aim of the article is to study the possi­bility of applying the technique of automated recognition and determination of the affinity of samples of cold weapons-sabers according to the Russell – Rao algorithm for commodity exami­nation.

Methods. The method of conducting the examination is the automated recognition of the kinship of sabers based on morphometric chara­cteristics based on the Russell – Rao algorithm.

Results. The affinities of sabers and their differences from weapons of other kinds are determined. For the study, 10 samples of cold weapons were selected, the morphometric para­meters of which were measured according to the methods described and agreed upon by experts. A list of derived morphometric characteristics has been developed that allows the comparison of samples based on visually observed features.

According to the conducted research, affi­nities between the studied samples were esta­blished and the point of congruence was deter­mined.

Conclusions. An optimized classification model was built for studying the species speci­ficity of cold weapons based on morphometric characteristics.

Experimentally, according to the Russell – Rao algorithm, the affinity indices between the studied samples and the reference sample were determined.

The proposed action algorithm allows you to carry out cost forecasting operations based on the creation of optimized databases of source information and conducting traditional com­parative studies for commodity expertise.

Author Biographies

Yuliia VOVK, State University of Trade and Economics

Postgraduate student at the Department of Commodity Science and Customs Affairs

Volodymyr INDUTNYI, State University of Trade and Economics

Doctor of Sciences (Geological and Mineralogical), Associate Professor, Professor at the Department of Commodity Science and Customs Affairs


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How to Cite

VOVK Ю. ., & INDUTNYI В. . (2022). Morphometric characteristics of historical cold weapons. "INTERNATIONAL·SCIENTIFIC-·PRACTICAL·JOURNAL·COMMODITIES·AND·MARKETS", 43(3), 75–86.