Ukrainian exports: the potential of «grain corridors»




sea ports, blockade, russian invasion, grain corridors, export, Ukraine.


Introduction. The blockade of Ukrainian seaports by russia has significantly limited the grain exports to world markets. This fact became a threat of losing a significant share of the 2021 harvest due to the impossibility of its timely export. To solve this problem, «grain corridors» were created. 

Problem. Despite a substantial progress in ensuring the export of grain, the efficiency of their export needs improvement. In addition, the functio­ning of these corridors is at risk due to the possi­bility of their termination.

The aim of the article is to develop measures to optimize the operation of «grain corridors», elimi­nate bottlenecks and ensure the continued functioning of these grain export channels from Ukraine.

Methods. Empirical methods, methods of statistical evaluation, synthesis and comparative analysis were used during the research.

Results. The state of export of grain crops from Ukraine and the role of seaports in it were studied. The importance of «grain corridors» for the export of the 2021-2023 harvest and ensuring world food security has been demonstrated. The problems hindering the intensification of grain exports are outlined and recommendations for its increase are provided.

Conclusions. Ukrainian seaports play an extre­mely important role in ensuring the export of grain crops from Ukraine. The systematic continuation of the «grain corridors» and the full realization of their potential are critical to ensure the timely exports of the 2021–2023 harvest and food security in the world. Further research in this field should be focused on ways of increasing the economic effectiveness of shipments within the «grain corridors», as well as on optimizing the ships examination process by inspection groups.

Author Biography

Yevhenii BIELASHOV, National institute for strategic studies

Chief consultant of the Department of sectoral economy of Center of economic and social research


Impact of the Russian–Ukrainian Conflict on Global Food Crops / Muh Amat Nasir, Agus Dwi Nugroho, Zoltan Lakner. Foods. 2022. № 11(19). 29789 [in English]

Trade scenarios compensating for halted wheat and maize exports from Russia and Ukraine increase carbon emissions without easing food insecurity / Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome Dumortier, Amani Elobeid. Nature Food. 2022. [in English].

Impacts of the Russia-Ukraine War on Global Food Security: Towards More Sustainable and Resilient Food Systems? Tarek Ben Hassen, Hamid El Bilali. Foods. 2022, 11 (15). 2301 [in English]

Storonjans'ka I. Z. Ekonomika regioniv Ukrai'ny v umovah vijny: ryzyky ta naprjamky zabezpechennja stijkosti: naukovo-analitychne vydannja [I. Z. Storonianska. The economy of the regions of Ukraine in the conditions of war: risks and directions for ensuring stability: scientific and analytical edition]. «Problemy regional'nogo rozvytku» – «Problems of regional development», L'viv, DU «Instytut regional'nyh doslidzhen' imeni M. I. Dolyshn'ogo NAN Ukrai'ny». 2022. 70 с. [in Ukrainian].

Vijna z rf zablokuvala v ukrai'ns'kyh portah majzhe 100 suden z inozemnymy ekipazhamy [The war with the russian federation blocked almost 100 ships with foreign crews in Ukrainian ports].

Cherez velyki zalyshky zerna UZA prosyt' Urjad vidnovyty eksport pshenyci [Due to the large remaining grain, UZA asks the Government to resume wheat exports]. [in Ukrainian].

Derzhavna ctatystyky Ukrai'ny [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. [in Ukrainian].

Derzhavna mytna sluzhba Ukrai'ny [State Customs Service of Ukraine]. [in Ukrainian].

Ministerstvo agrarnoi' polityky ta prodovol'stva Ukrai'ny [Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine]. [in Ukrainian].

Konsaltyngova agencija «UkrAgroKonsalt» [Consulting agency «UkrAgroConsult»]. [in Ukrainian].

Ukraine's rising role in grain exports complicates impact of crisis. [in English].

UN: Record 345 million people 'marching to the brink of starvation'. [in English].

Forty Percent of the World Food Program’s Wheat Supplies Come from Ukraine. [in English].

U Stambuli pidpysaly ugodu dlja vyvezennja ukrai'ns'kogo zerna [An agreement was signed in Istanbul for the export of Ukrainian grain]. [in Ukrainian].

Joint Coordination Centre for the Black Sea Grain Initiative. [in English].

Strahuvannja suden z ukrai'ns'kym zernom podorozhchaje u 200 raziv [Insurance of vessels with Ukrainian grain will increase in price by 200 times]. [in Ukrainian].

Grain exports from Ukraine helping to push prices down -U.N. spokesperson. URL: [in English].

Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrai'ny vid 16 veresnja 2022 r. № 1040 «Pro nadannja gumanitarnoi' dopomogy Federatyvnij Demokratychnij Respublici Efiopija ta Federatyvnij Respublici Somali». [Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated September 16, 2022 № 1040 «On the provision of humanitarian aid to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Federal Republic of Somalia»]. [in Ukrainian].



How to Cite

BIELASHOV Є. (2023). Ukrainian exports: the potential of «grain corridors». Foreign·trade:·economics,·finance,·law, 126(1), 60–69.