Cow milk produced by private farms: quality and safety




market, production, milk, quality, safety, legal requirements, sani­tary conditions, samples, regulatory requirements


Background. The quality and safety of whole cow’s milk have the practical and scientific interest, especially due to increasing legislative and regulatory requirements for its production and processing.
The aim of the article is to study the quality and safety of cow’s milk, which was produced by households and sold in the markets of Kyiv region.
Materials and methods. The purpose of the study is researching the quality and safety of cow’s milk produced by households which sold in the Kyiv region. The achie­vement of this goal is based on defining the prospects for the development of the domestic milk market, studying current legislative and regulatory requirements and conducting an assessment of the quality and safety of milk, selling by households.
Results.  Studies revealed the fact of falsification and non-compliance with regu­latory requirements for milk produced by private farms, which selling to the public. In order to modern requirements, dairy production must change. There are several ways to improve the physico-chemical and microbiological parameters of milk produced by households.
Conclusion. Milk from spontaneous markets is a potentially dangerous product, and its use can be detrimental to health. Cooperatives can be one of the effective ways to improve the quality and safety of milk for small farms. Joining the cooperatives will give the state aid for the necessary equipment. This will help ensure compliance with sanitary and epidemiological standards and good hygiene practices.

Author Biographies

Victoriya KIIKO , National University of Food Technologies

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor 
at the Department of Foodstuff Expertise

Mariya YANCHYK , National University of Food Technologies

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Foodstuff Expertise

Yuliya BEREZOVA , National University of Food Technologies

a higher education applicant of master's degree


Miocinovic, D. Z., & Mihajlovic, Z. B. Falsification of raw milk. Retrieved from [in English].

Beribaka, M., Vujadinović, D., Vukić, M., & Marjanović-Balaban, Z. (2017). Сomparison of methods for determining the falsification of milk. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design, 18, 19-24 [in English].

Donnelly, C. W., & D’Amico, D. J. (2010). Microbiological quality of raw milk. Journal of Dairy Science, 93, 134-147 [in English].

Murphy, S. C., Martin, N. H., & Barbano, D. M. (2016). Influence of raw milk qua­lity on processed dairy products. Journal of Dairy Science, 12, 10128-10149 [in English].

De Silva, S. A. S. D., Kanugala, S. A. S. D., & Weerakkody, N. S. (2016). Micro­biological Quality of Raw Milk and Effect on Quality by Implementing Good Mana­gement Practices. Procedia Food Science, 6, 92-96 [in English].

Dzhedzhula, V. V., Jepifanova, I. Ju., & Gladka, D. O. (2018). Rynok molochnoi’ galuzi: stan ta tendencii’ rozvytku [Dairy market: state and development trends]. Ekonomika i suspil’stvo – Economy and society. (Issue 18), (pp. 382-388). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Tjuha, I. V., & Stecenko, D. O. (2017). Stan ta tendencii’ rozvytku vitchyznjanogo rynku moloka ta molochnyh produktiv [Status and development trends of the domestic market of milk and dairy products]. Efektyvna ekonomika – Efficient economy, 2. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Shevchenko, A. V., & Tabachuk, N. O. (2019). Suchasnyj stan rynku molochnoi’ produkcii’ ta zabezpechennja i’i’ jakosti v umovah jevrointegracii’ Ukrai’ny [The current state of the dairy market and ensuring its quality in terms of Ukraine’s European integration]. Naukovyj visnyk Uzhgorods’kogo nacional’nogo universytetu – Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. (Issue 27). (Part 2), (pp. 101-107). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Chajkova, O. I., & Foshhij, M. D. (2016). Analiz rynku molochnoi’ galuzi Ukrai’ny ta perspektyvy jogo rozvytku [Analysis of the dairy market of Ukraine and prospects for its development]. Visnyk Nacional’nogo tehnichnogo universytetu "Harkivs’kyj politehnichnyj instytut". Serija: Ekonomichni nauky – Bulletin of the National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute". Series: Economic Sciences, 47 (1219), 26-29. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Filatova, L. S., & Marchuk, A. O. (2016). Problemy vyhodu molochnyh pidpryjemstv na mizhnarodnyj rynok [Problems of dairy companies entering the international market]. Ekonomika i suspil’stvo – Economy and society. (Issue 4), (pp. 62-66). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Binert, O. V. (2013). Jakist’ molochnoi’ produkcii’ jak konkurentna perevaga na rynku [Quality of dairy products as a competitive advantage in the market]. Innovacijna ekonomika – Innovative economy, 1 (39), 205-207. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Doncova, I. V., Girnjak, L. I., Lebedynec’, V. T., & Bodak, M. P. (2011). Problemy jakosti pytnogo moloka riznyh tovarovyrobnykiv [Problems of drinking milk quality of different producers]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Stoljarchuk, P., & Malyk, O. (2011). Uprovadzhennja system kontrolju molochnoi’ produkcii’ – zaporuka i’i’ jakosti ta bezpechnosti [Introduction of dairy control systems is a guarantee of its quality and safety]. Standartyzacija, sertyfikacija, jakist’ – Standardization, certification, quality, 6, 61-64. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sposoby vyjavlennja fal’syfikacii’ moloka v domashnih umovah [Methods of detec­ting falsification of milk at home]. Sajt ICTV – ICTV site. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Shubin, O. O. (2010). Rynok prodovol’chyh tovariv Ukrai’ny: realii’ ta percpektyvy [Ukrainian food market: realities and prospects]. (Vol. 1). Donec’k: DonNUET [in Ukrainian].

Tvarynnyctvo Ukrai’ny, 2019 [Livestock of Ukraine, 2019]. Oficijnyj sajt Derzhav­noi’ sluzhby statystyky Ukrai’ny – Official site of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Nadhodzhennja moloka na pererobni pidpryjemstva, 2019 [Receipts of milk for processing enterprises, 2019]. Oficijnyj sajt Derzhavnoi’ sluzhby statystyky Ukrai’ny – Official site of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Oficijnyj sajt Derzhavnoi’ sluzhby statystyky Ukrai’ny [Official site of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Chastka ekstra g’atunku za p’jat’ rokiv zrosla na 12,4% [The share of extra varieties increased by 12.4% in five years]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].



How to Cite

KIIKO В. ., YANCHYK М. ., & BEREZOVA Ю. . (2020). Cow milk produced by private farms: quality and safety. Commodities·and·markets, 35(3), 101–114.