Sustainable management and the prospects for innovation and technological development in Poland

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2022(121)04

Keywords:

sustainable development, foresight research, innovation and technological development.

Abstract

Introduction. Science and technology policy should be the most dynamic policy domains in Poland. The strong political interest in science and technology reflects a wide recognition of the relevance of scientific research and technological development in relation to industrial competitiveness and societal problems. In preparing for the challenges our country faces in the 21st Century, research and development are regarded as vital, whether they concern aging, transportation and mobility issues or sustainable development.
Analysis of recent researches and publications has shown that the published up to date papers aren’t systematic and can’t claim to be a complete analysis in the chosen field.
The aim of the articleis to present a recent prospective technological study aimed at reconciling technological development with the long-term goal of achieving sustainable development.
Methods. General scientific methods such as the systematic approach, theo­retical generalization and comparison, analysis and synthesis have been used in the research.
Results. The aim of the long-term strategies for sustainable development of the state is to provide information and analysis necessary to maintain the leading position in the field of technological development and innovation in the foreseeable future. Currently, a significant method of supporting this activity is technology foresight.In Poland technology foresight activities play an important role in targeting science and technology towards present and future societal needs. Technology foresight is regarded as the most upstream element of the identification of prospects for innovation and technological development. It provides inputs for the formulation of technology policies and strategies that guide the development of the technological infrastructure. In addition, technology foresight provides support to innovation, and incentives and assistance to enterprises in the domain of technology management and technology transfer, leading to enhanced competitiveness and growth.The technologyforesight initiative also provides suitable metho­dologies to promote sustainable and innovative development, fostering economic, environmental and social benefits at national and regional levels. Its outcomes are policies and programs that deal with innovation, industrial growth and competitiveness.
Conclusions. The main conclusion of the technology foresight study (especially in their ecolo­gical aspects) is that technology offers opportunities for sustainable development. But alignment of techno­logical developments with sustainability is necessary. The secondary effects like shifting the burden from environment to space should be counteract. Also, more attention is needed for system innovations. The government is an important player on different levels (regulation, stakeholder) and should start the dialogue with relevant parties. The system approach and societal needs offer a useful conceptual frame­work to bring parties together. The technology foresightstudy could form a basis for this dialogue.

Author Biographies

Marek DZIURA, Cracow University of Economics

PhD, Assistant Professor

Andrzej JAKI, Cracow University of Economics

PhD, DSc, Associate Professor

Tomasz ROJEK, Cracow University of Economics

PhD, Assistant Professor

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Published

2022-04-22

How to Cite

DZIURA, M., JAKI, A., & ROJEK, T. (2022). Sustainable management and the prospects for innovation and technological development in Poland. oreign rade: conomics, inance, aw, 121(2), 38–51. https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2022(121)04

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Section

GLOBAL ECONOMY