Legal regulation of naval forces activity: world experience
Keywords:naval forces, history of navy, naval law, naval doctrine, naval strategy.
Background. The analysis of the evolution of the regulation of the navy cannot be carried out without considering the reflection of the relevant aspects in the naval historical thought. These scientific researches first of all have no legal orientation and have as their subject the content and nature of the activity of the navy, in particular in measuring its formation and development. At the same time, their generalization and evaluation in the legal dimension would be useful in the context of determining the relationship between historical thought and the development of naval law.
An analysis of recent research and publications has shown that, despite aspects of the attention of legal historians to the issue of regulatory support of the armed forces, there is no relevant works on the evolution of the legal regulation of the navy.
The aim of the article is to correlate global historical thought and legal support for the activities of the navy. To solve this goal, it is necessary to determine the development of relevant historical thought, to characterize its implementation in the works on naval doctrine and strategy, to assess the importance of relevant works for the development of naval law.
Materials and methods. In the course of the research historical-legal, comparative, systemic, epistemological, hermeneutic, biographical methods were used.
Results. The reflection of aspects of legal regulation of activity of naval forces in works of historians of fleet is investigated. The formation of the history of the navy from the seventeenth century in terms of special research and works on naval tactics and strategy is considered. It is proved that at the first stage these researches had the character of empirical generalization and provision of tactical activity of the sailing and then mechanized fleet, but from the end of the XIX century this experience was gained in the development of a maritime strategy.
Conclusion. Historical studies of naval development first emerged at the appropriate scientific level as part of the development of naval tactics and strategies by French, British and American authors, whose works constitute an interconnected universal and universally recognized system of scientific research begun in the late seventeenth century. At the first stage, these studies were in the nature of empirical generalization and ensuring the tactical activities of the sailing and then mechanized fleet. But from the end of the XIX century this experience was gained in the development of a naval strategy, which gained universal character and indisputable authority for the naval forces of the most countries.
In addition to use in works on naval tactics and strategy, the history of the navy from the eighteenth century reflected in biographical works, and in the twentieth century the most of the relevant historical works began to have the character of memoirs. Because the world-renowned fundamental works on naval strategy and tactics belong primarily to American and British authors, the domestic dimension of historical scientific research in this area is extremely limited. Thus, these issues require new research.
Babin, B. V., & Pleshko, E. A. (2015). Pravovi standarty vijs'kovoi' mors'koi' dijal'nosti [Legal standards of naval activity]. Odesa: Feniks [in Ukrainian].
Kurabceva, G. P. (2013). Pravovi osnovy organizacii' vijs'kovyh ta vijs'kovo-mors'kyh sudiv Rosijs'koi' imperii' na ukrai'ns'kyh zemljah v XVIII – pochatku XX st. [Legal bases of the organization of military and naval courts of the Russian Empire in the Ukrainian lands in the XVIII – early XX centuries.]. Extended abstract of candidate's thesis. Kyi'v [in Ukrainian].
Levchenko, L. L. (2018). Chornomors'kyj central'nyj vijs'kovo-mors'kyj arhiv (1794–1934). Doslidzhennja. Dokumenty. Sklad fondiv: rekonstrukcija [Black Sea Central Naval Archive (1794–1934). Research. Documents. Composition of funds: reconstruction]. Mykolai'v: Ilion [in Ukrainian].
Vdovychenko, Je. V. (2014). Sudnobuduvannja i Chornomors'kyj vijs'kovo-mors'kyjflot u pershij polovyni XIX st.: strategichni zavdannja ta shljahy i'h realizacii' ) [Shipbuilding and the Black Sea Navy in the first half of the XIX century: strategic objectives and ways to implement them]. Extended abstract of candidate's thesis. Mykolai'v [in Ukrainian].
Rjabuha, I. M. (2018). Mors'ka osvita u dijal'nosti admiraliv Chornomors'kogo flotu, vijs'kovyh gubernatoriv i mors'kyh ministriv (v impers'ku dobu) [Maritime education in the activities of admirals of the Black Sea Fleet, military governors and naval ministers (in the imperial era)]. Herson: Ajlant [in Ukrainian].
Olijnykov, O. S. (2004). Storinky istorii' Ukrai'ns'kogo vijs'kovo-mors'kogo flotu [Pages of the history of the Ukrainian Navy]. Odesa: Majak [in Ukrainian].
Tynchenko, Ja. Ju. (2012). Vijs'kovo-mors'ki syly Ukrai'ny, 1917–1921 [Naval Forces of Ukraine, 1917–1921]. Kyi'v: Tempora [in Ukrainian].
Guzenko, Ju. I. (2013). Vijs'kovo-mors'ke mystectvo ukrai'ns'kogo kozactva (persha polovyna XVII st.) [Naval art of the Ukrainian Cossacks (first half of the XVII century)]. Mykolai'v: Ilion [in Ukrainian].
Mamchak, M. A. (2013). Vijs'kovo-mors'ke budivnyctvo v Ukrai'ni u XXst. [Naval construction in Ukraine in the twentieth century]. Sevastopol': Prosvita [in Ukrainian].
Sokoljuk, S. M. (2009). Dii' vijs'kovo-mors'kyh syl u borot'bi z teroryzmom na mori (70-ti roky XX st. – pochatok XXI st.) [Actions of naval forces in the fight against terrorism at sea (70s of the XX century –beginning of the XXI century)]. Candidate's thesis. Kyi'v [in Ukrainian].
Radzhapaksa, J. K. (2014). Obg'runtuvannja rekomendacij shhodo pidvyshhennja efektyvnosti zastosuvannja syl (vijs'k) Vijs'kovo-Mors'kyh Syl pid chas vykonannja zavdan' zahystu ekonomichnoi' dijal'nosti derzhavy na mori [Substantiation of recommendations for improving the efficiency of the use of forces (troops) of the Navy in the performance of tasks of protection of economic activity of the state at sea]. Extended abstract of candidate's thesis. Kyi'v [in Ukrainian].
Nashyvochnikov, O. O. (2016). Stvorennja osnov Vijs'kovo-Mors'kyh Syl Ukrai'ny (1991–1994) [Establishment of the foundations of the Naval Forces of Ukraine (1991–1994)]. Extended abstract of candidate's thesis. Kyi'v [in Ukrainian].
Paul Hoste. Oxford Reference. Retrieved from https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195130751.001.0001/acref-9780195130751-e-0377 [in English].
Hoste, P. (1697). L’art des armees navales, ou Traite des evolutions navales, qui contientdes regles utiles aux officiers generaux d'une armee navale, avec des exemples tirez de ce qui s'est passe de plus considerable sur la mer depuis cinquante ans. Lyon: A. H.de C.Tourville [in French].
Bigot de Morogues,S. (1763). Tactique navale, ou, Traite des evolutions et des signaux; avec figures en taille-douce. Paris:H. L. Guerin & L. F. Delatour [in French].
Duhamel du Monceau, H. L. (1758). Elemens de l'architecture navale, ou Traite pratique de la construction des vaisseaux. Paris: C.-A. Jombert [in French].
Duhamel du Monceau, H. L. (1759). Moyens de conserver la sante des equipages des vaisseaux: avec la maniere de purifier l'air des salles des hopitaux; et courte description de l’hopital Saint-Louis. Paris: Guerin & L. F. Delatour [in French].
Clerk, J. E. (1790). An Essay on Naval Tactics: Systematical and Historical. With Explanatory Plates.(Four Parts). Part I. L.: T. Cadell [in English].
Campbell, J. (1748). Lives of the British Admirals: Containing a New and Accurate Naval History, from the Earliest Periods (Vol.1). Dublin: G. & A. Ewing [in English].
Lapeyrouse, B., & Leonce, L. (1845). Histoire de la marine Francaise (Vol. 3). Paris: Dentu [in French].
De la Graviere, J. (1847). Guerres Maritimes sous La Republique Et L’Empire. Paris: Charpentier [in French].
Troude, O. (1867). Batailles navales de la France (Vol.1). Paris: Challamel aine [in French].
Mjehjen, A. T. (1895). Vlijanie morskoj sily na istoriju 1660–1783 [The influence of naval power on the history of 1660-1783]. SPb.: Tipografija Morskogo Ministerstva [in Russian].
Gougeard, A. (1877). La marine de guerre: ses institutions militaires, depuis son origine jusqu’a nos jours. Bruxelles, E. Sardou [in French].
Colomb, Philip Howard. British naval officer and historian. Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Philip-Howard-Colomb [in English].
Kolomb, F. (1894). Morskaja vojna. Ee osnovnye principy i opyt [Naval war. Its basic principles and experience]. St. Petersburg: Tipografija Morskogo Ministerstva [in Russian].
Mahan, Alfred Thayer. United States naval officer. Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alfred-Thayer-Mahan [in English].
Mahan, A. (1892). The influence of sea power upon the French revolution and empire: 1793–1812. L.: Sampson Low, Marston [in English].
Fiske, Bradley Allen. United States naval officer. Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bradley-Allen-Fiske [in English].
Richmond, H. W. (1934). Sea Power in the Modern World. L.: G. Bell & Sons [in English].
Richmond, Herbert William. Dreadnought Project. Retrieved from http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/Herbert_William_Richmond [in English].
Acworth, B. C. (1940). The Navy’s Here. L.: R. Tuck and Sons [in English].
Alden, C.S. (1943). Westcott A. F. The United States Navy: A History. Chicago: J. B. Lippincott Company [in English].
Ropp, T. (1987). The Development of a Modern Navy: French Naval Policy 1871–1904. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press [in English].
Marder, A. J. (1940). The Anatomy of British Sea Power: A History of British NavalPolicy in the Pre-Dreadnought Era, 1880–1905. NY.: A. A. Knopf [in English].
Baxter, J. P. (1933). The Introduction of the Ironclad Warship. Cambridge: Harvard University Press [in English] https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674282575.
Puleston,W. D. (1947). The Influence of Sea Power in World War II. New Haven: Yale University Press [in English].
William Dilworth Puleston. Retrieved from https://valor.militarytimes.com/hero/9949 [in English].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Foreign trade: Economics, Finance, Law
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.