State support for the development of agricultural advisory activity
Keywords:agrarian policy, budget regulation, state support, foreign experience, Ministry of Economy, legal support, agricultural advisory activities.
Background. Overcoming the crisis of the economy of Ukraine is impossible without the legal provision of state interests of agricultural producers. Improving the legal mechanisms of budget support for agricultural advisory activity remains an important part of the problem of legal regulation of relations in the agricultural sector.
Analysis of resent researches and publications. It is established that only some representatives of domestic economic and legal science, such as M. Bloodless, T. Kovalenko, R. Korinets, N. Pokhilenko, L. Taranenko, B. Swanson and R. Rajalahti, J. Gayo and others have some achievements in studying the problems of legal regulation of agrarian advisory relations.
The aim of the article is to characterize the state of legal regulation of budget support for agricultural advisory as an important socio-economic activity for the development of our country and justify the feasibility of further budget support by the state for such activity.
Material and methods. The information base of the research was the current normative legalacts of Ukraine, the works of scientists. The methodological basis of the study was the general scientific and special legal methods of cognition, the use of which provided a high degree of reliability of the results.
Results. The Law of Ukraine «On Agricultural Advisory Activities» defines: advisory as one of the methods of implementation of state policy in the field of agriculture. This law also guarantees the allocation of budget funds for the financing of the state targeted program of agricultural advisory activities. An analysis of the official position of the Ministry of Economy leads to the conclusion that the state does not intend in 2020 to provide state support to entities of advisory activity. The author substantiates the flawed position of the Ministry of Economy and the defense of the position on the provision of state budget support for agricultural advisory activity, as evidence, respectively, statistical material, facts of failure to comply with regulations, and examples of foreign experience.
Conclusion. State support for advisory activities is a way of effectively influencingthe state to raise the incomes of agricultural producers and maintain sustainable development of rural areas. The low level of development of the advisory system in Ukraine impairs the competitiveness of the agricultural sector entities. The domestic agricultural advisory system is to be financed from the state budget in 2020. The proof of the effectiveness of such state support is that government spending on advisory activities can be offset by an increase in agricultural yield and, accordingly, will be repaid due to an increase in the level of tax revenue from agrarian entities.
Bezkrovnyj, M. F. (2017). Derzhavne reguljuvannja sil's'kogospodars'koi' doradchoi' dijal'nosti [The state regulation of agricultural advisory activity]. Efektyvna ekonomika – An efficient economy. 6. Retrieved from http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=5675 [in Ukrainian].
Kovalenko, T. O. (2014). Do pytannja sil's'kogospodars'koi' doradchoi' dijal'nosti [On the issue of agricultural advisory activities]. Informacijno-analitychna gazeta «Agrobizness'ogodni» – Information-analytical newspaper «Agrobusiness today». Retrieved from http://agro-business.com.ua/agro/u-pravovomu-poli/item/1852-do-pytannia-silskohospodarskoi-doradchoi-diialnosti.html [in Ukrainian].
Korinec', R. Ja., & Pohylenko, N. M. (2018). Finansuvannja systemy sil's'kogospodars'kogo doradnyctva [Financing the agricultural advisory system]. Global'ni ta nacional'ni problemy ekonomiky – Global and national problems of economy, 23, 109-115 [in Ukrainian].
Pohylenko, N. M. (2018). Retrospektyva paradygm sil's'kogospodars'kogo doradnyctva:varianty dlja Ukrai'ny [A retrospective of agricultural advisory paradigms: options for Ukraine]. Ekonomika APK – APK economy, 7, 113-121 [in Ukrainian].
Taranenko, L. S. (2014). Ponjattja ta sutnist' sil's'kogospodars'koi' doradchoi' dijal'nosti [The concept and essence of agricultural advisory activities]. Naukovyj visnyk Uzhgorods'kogo nacional'nogo universytetu – The scientific bulletin of Uzhgorod National University, 24, (Vol. 3), (pp. 20-24). Ser. Law [in Ukrainian].
Swanson, Burton. E., & Rajalahti, Riikka. (2010). Strengthening Agricultural Extensionand Advisory Systems: Procedures for Assessing, Transforming, and Evaluating Extension Systems. (pp. 7-11). Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTARD/Resources/Stren_combined_web.pdf [in English].
Gayo, Jose Rene C. (2012). A new paradigm for agricultural extension. Retrieved from http://business.inquirer.net/72689/a-new-paradigm-for-agricultural-extension [in English].
Ugoda pro asociaciju mizh Ukrai'noju, z odnijei' storony, ta Jevropejs'kym Sojuzom, Jevropejs'kym spivtovarystvom z atomnoi' energii' i i'hnimy derzhavamy-chlenamy, z inshoi' storony vid 21 bereznja 2014 roku № 984_011 [Association agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their member states, on the other hand of 21 March 2014 № 984_011]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011"l"n2820 [in Ukrainian].
Pro sil's'kogospodars'ku doradchu dijal'nist': Zakon Ukrai'ny vid 17 chervnja 2004 roku№ 1807-IV [On agricultural advisory activities: the Law of Ukraine of June 17, 2004 № 1807-IV] (2004). Vidomosti Verhovnoi' Rady Ukrai'ny – Information of the VerkhovnaRada of Ukraine, 38 [in Ukrainian].
Nacional'na asociacija sil's'kogospodars'kyh doradchyh sluzhb Ukrai'ny [National association of agricultural advisory services of Ukraine]. Oficijnyj sajt [Official site]. Retrieved from https://www.dorada.org.ua/pro-asotsiatsiyu/pro-nasdsu.html [in Ukrainian].
Pro Derzhavnyj bjudzhet Ukrai'ny na 2020 rik: Zakon Ukrai'ny vid 14 lystopada 2019 roku № 294-IX [On the State budget of Ukraine for 2020: the Law of Ukraine of November 14, 2019 № 294-IX]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/294-20?find=1&text [in Ukrainian].
Polozhennja pro Ministerstvo rozvytku ekonomiky, torgivli ta sil's'kogo gospodarstva Ukrai'ny: Zatv. Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrai'ny vid 20 serpnja 2014 r. № 459 (v redakcii' postanovy Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrai'ny vid 11 veresnja 2019 r. № 838) [Regulation on the Ministry of economic development, trade and agriculture of Ukraine: Approved. The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 20, 2014 № 459 (as amended by the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of September 11, 2019 № 838)]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/838-2019-%D0%BF [in Ukrainian].
U Minekonomiky nazvaly bazovi naprjamy derzhpidtrymky APK na 2020 rik [The Ministry of Economy named the basic directions of state support of agroindustrialcomplex for 2020] (2020). Ekonomichna pravda – Economic truth. Retrieved from https://www.epravda.com.ua/news/2020/01/21/656085 [in Ukrainian].
Shhodo derzhavnoi' pidtrymky rozvytku sil's'kogospodars'kogo doradnyctva v Ukrai'ni. Analitychna zapyska [Regarding state support for agricultural advisory development in Ukraine. Analytical note]. Nacional'nyj instytut strategichnyh doslidzhen' [National Institute for Strategic Studies]. Retrieved from http://old2.niss.gov.ua/articles/1521 [in Ukrainian].
Oficijnyj sajt Ministerstva rozvytku ekonomiky, torgivli ta sil's'kogo gospodarstva [The official site of the Ministry of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture]. Retrieved from http://www.me.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
Pro shvalennja Koncepcii' formuvannja derzhavnoi' systemy sil's'kogospodars'kogo doradnyctva: Rozporjadzhennja Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrai'ny vid 31 zhovtnja 2011 r. № 1098-r. [On approval of the Concept of formation of the state system of agricultural advisory: The Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of October 31, 2011 № 1098-r.]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1098-2011-%D1%80 [in Ukrainian].
Pro zatverdzhennja planu zahodiv shhodo realizacii' Koncepcii' formuvannja derzhavnoi' systemy sil's'kogospodars'kogo doradnyctva na period do 2015 roku: Rozporjadzhennja Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrai'ny vid 23 travnja 2012 r. № 303-r. [On approval of the plan of measures for the Implementation of the Concept of formation of the state system of agricultural advisory for the period up to 2015: the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of May 23, 2012 № 303-p.]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1098-2011-%F0 [in Ukrainian].