International legal mechanism for ensuring human rights
Keywords:human rights, UN Commission on Human Rights, UN HumanRights Council, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission.
Background. The problem of protecting human rights has existed throughoutthe existence of mankind. Modern globalization affects the effectiveness of international institutions in the field of human rights. After all, the rapid processes of development and adoption of international documents in the field of human rights require not only worldwide recognition, but also unquestioning implementation. In this regard, the study of the mechanism for exercising the powers of the UN Human Rights Council in the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Donbas is especially relevant.
The aim of the article is to establish a mechanism for exercising the powers of the UN Human Rights Council to respect and ensure human rights in Ukraine, in particular in the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Donbas.
Materials and methods. Both general and special legal methods of cognition were used during the research. The normative basis of the study were international treaties, international law and the work of domestic and foreign scientists.
Results. International protection of human rights is one of the most important branches of public international law. The creation of the United Nations has opened a new page in the field of human rights institutions. In order to promote and ensure human rights in Ukraine, in particular in the temporarily occupied territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Donbas, the UN Human Rights Council implements a number of mechanisms: closely cooperateswith the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. periodic inspections.
The UN Human Rights Council serves as a forum for discussing thematic issues on all human rights. Thus, within the high-level segment of the UN Human Rights Council, on February 23, 2021, for the third year in a row, the UN General Assembly debated on the agenda item «Situation in the Temporarily Occupied Territories of Ukraine» initiated by our state. Within the framework of this event, support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine was expressed.
Conclusion. Ukraine’s cooperation with the UN Human Rights Council is increasing pressure from the international community to respect the rights of indigenous peoples, national minorities, social human rights, democracy and the rule of law. During the Russian aggression on the territory of Ukraine, the UN Human Rights Council adopted a resolution «Cooperation with Ukraine and its assistance in the field of human rights», an agreement was concluded between the Government of Ukraine and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Ukraine. Thus, despite the recommendatory nature of the powers of the UN Human Rights Council, this international institution significantly affects the level of human rights in the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine, and contributes to the further development of human rights in Ukraine.
Stepanenko K. V. (2018). Konvencijnyj mehanizm mizhnarodnogo zahystu prav ljudyny v systemi OON [Convention mechanism for the international protection of human rights in the UN system]. Al'manah mizhnarodnogo prava – Almanac of International Law 19, 105-113 [in Ukrainian].
Rynejs'ka L. S. (2018). Rol' mizhnarodnyh organizacij u formuvanni mizhnarodnyh strategij ekonomichnogo rozvytku [The role of international organizations in the formation of international strategies for economic development]. Efektyvna ekonomika – Efficient economy, 3. Retrieved from http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=6178 [in Ukrainian].
Report of the Secretary-General: Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine. Retrieved from https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/3872508?ln=ru#record-files-collapse-header [in English].
Garmash V. V. (2017). Rada OON z prav ljudyny. Jevroatlantychna integracija Ukrai'ny: svidomyj vybir modeli bezpeky [UN Human Rights Council. Ukraine's Euro-Atlantic integration: a conscious choice of security model]: zbirnyk naukovyh statej za materialamy III Harkiv. mizhnar.-prav. chytan', prysvjachenyh pam’jati prof. M. V. Janovs'kogo i V. S. Semenova, m. Harkiv. 2 ch. Harkiv collection of scientific articles on the materials of III Kharkiv international law readings dedicated to the memory of prof. M. V. Yanovsky and V. S. Semenov, Kharkiv. 2 hours Kharkiv, (pp. 243-245) [in Ukrainian].
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 15 March 2006 60/251. Human Rights Council. Retrieved from https://undocs.org/en/A/RES/60/251 [in English].
Debaty Genasamblei' OON: mizhnarodna spil'nota solidarna z Ukrai'noju v protydii' rosijs'kij agresii' [Debate of the UN General Assembly: the international community is in solidarity with Ukraine in combating Russian aggression]. Retrieved from https://mfa.gov.ua/news/debati-genasambleyi-oon-mizhnarodna-spilnota-solidarna-z-ukrayinoyu-v-protidiyi-rosijskij-agresiyi [in Ukrainian].
Resolution 68/262, territorial integrity of Ukraine adopted by the General Assembly on 27 March 2014. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/262 [in English].
Spil'na zajava z nagody s'omoi' richnyci shvalennja General'noju Asamblejeju OON rezoljucii' 68/262 «Terytorial'na cilisnist' Ukrai'ny» [Joint statement on the occasion of the seventh anniversary of the adoption of Resolution 68/262 «Territorial Integrity of Ukraine» by the UN General Assembly]. Retrieved from https://mfa.gov.ua/news/spilna-zayava-z-nagodi-somoyi-richnici-shvalennya-generalnoyu-asambleyeyu-oon-rezolyuciyi-68262-teritorialna-cilisnist-ukrayini [in Ukrainian].
Coynash H., & Charron A. (2019). Russian-occupied Crimea and the state of exception: repression, persecution, and human rights violations. Eurasian Geographyand Economics, 60 (1), 28-53. DOI: 10.1080/15387216.2019.1625279 [in English] https://doi.org/10.1080/15387216.2019.1625279.
National report submitted in accordance with paragraph 5 of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 16/21. Retrieved from https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G17/255/06/PDF/G1725506.pdf?OpenElement [in English].
Asirjan S. R. (2018). Vzajemodija Rady OON z prav ljudyny z Verhovnym komisarom i Upravlinnjam Verhovnogo komisara OON z prav ljudyny [Interaction of the UN Human Rights Council with the High Commissioner and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights]. Prykarpats'kyj jurydychnyj visnyk – PrykarpattyaLegalBulletin, (Issue3), (pp. 123-134) [in Ukrainian].
Ugoda mizh Urjadom Ukrai'ny ta Upravlinnjam Verhovnogo komisara OON z prav ljudyny pro rozmishhennja korotkoterminovoi' Monitoryngovoi' misii' OON z prav ljudyny v Ukrai'ni [Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rightson the deployment of ashort-term UN Human Rights Monitoring Missionin Ukraine]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_001-14#Text [in Ukrainian].
Dopovid' Upravlinnja Verhovnogo komisara Organizacii' Ob’jednanyh Nacij z prav ljudyny (UVKPL) shhodo sytuacii' z pravamy ljudyny v Ukrai'ni ohopljuje period z 1 serpnja 2020 roku do 31 sichnja 2021 roku [The report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on the human rights situation in Ukraine covers the period from 1 August 2020 to 31 January 2021]. Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/UA/31stReportUkraine-ru.pdf [in Ukrainian].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Foreign trade: Economics, Finance, Law
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.